In a sentence such as ‘She is young’, or ‘Chinese is difficult’, the Chinese adjective functions as the verb, and 是 shì (to be) is not used.
The word 很 hěn (very) must be used before the adjective, but it doesn’t have any meaning here.
她 很 年轻。
She is young.
Tā hěn niánqīng.
汉语 很 难。
Chinese is difficult.
Hànyǔ hěn nán.
我 很 忙。
I am busy.
Wǒ hěn máng 。
Without 很 hěn，however, a comparison is implied.
汉语 难。 Chinese is difficult.（implying it is difficult than another subject or language.) Hànyǔ nán.
The word 很 hěn is also known as an intensifier. Other intensifiers can also be used with Chinese verb-adjectives.
If another intensifier is used, 很 hěn is no longer needed.
房子 特别 漂亮。 The house is particularly beautiful. Fangzi tè bié piāo liàng.
Here are some common Chinese intensifiers:
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