What are adjectives?
Adjectives are words describing nouns and pronouns (singular or plural).
They can be used in any verb tense!
Most of them have common adjectives endings (suffixes).
Common mistakes with adjectives and feelings:
I am scary! (incorrect)
The book is scared. (incorrect)
Adjectives ending in -ed describe feelings that are inside a person.
Examples of feeling adjectives to describe how a person is feeling: Amazed, amused, bored, confused, depressed, disappointed, excited, interested, irritated, shocked
For example: I am amazed by you.
Adjectives ending in -ing are the results of outer causes (not inside the person who is experiencing the feeling).
Amazing, amusing, boring, confusing, depressing, disappointing, exciting, interesting, irritating, shocking
For example: You are amazing.
*Used to compare 2 things or 2 people
*Add an -er to the adjective
*Add ‘more’ in front of adjectives with 3 syllables or more (beau/ti/ful)
S + be verb + comparative adj + than + O
She is faster than her brother.
*Used to compare 3 or more things or people
*Add an -est to the adjective
S + be verb + the superlative adj + noun + O
She is the fastest girl in the school.
More ways to compare:
She is just as intelligent as Einstein.
Today is almost as hot as yesterday.
It is one of the most beautiful beaches on the island.
Adjective order in sentences: Yes, there is an order 🙂
We generally don’t use more than 3-4 adjectives per noun, if you use more you will sound unnatural.
In a noun phrase, they should be used after the DETERMINER (quantifiers / possessives / demonstratives / articles) and before the NOUN.
Ordinal (first, second, third) / cardinal (one, two, three)
2. OPINION ADJECTIVES:
Example: amazing, ugly, glamorous
3. SIZE ADJECTIVES:
Example: gigantic, tiny, huge
4. AGE ADJECTIVES:
Example: young, old, new, modern, ancient
5. SHAPE ADJECTIVES:
Example: oval, triangular, heart-shaped
6. COLOR ADJECTIVES:
Example: yellow, maroon, brown
7. ORIGIN ADJECTIVES:
Example: Finnish, Korean, eastern
8. MATERIAL ADJECTIVES:
Example: plastic, iron, paper
9. PURPOSE ADJECTIVES:
Example: soccer (as in soccer ball), school (as in school bus), table (as in table cloth)
THE NOUN YOU ARE DESCRIBING:
I HAVE A LARGE, BROWN, GUARD DOG.
Quiz: Check your understanding
Try it out!
LOOK AT THE PICTURES ON THE RIGHT AND TRY TO DESCRIBE THEM USING THE CORRECT ADJECTIVE ORDER.
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